Opioids are not easy to come by nowadays. Or are they? Authorities have made it tough to obtain these drugs in a bid to reduce the chances of abuse.
One of the most common opioid pain medication or narcotic is Hydromorphone HCL. It is used to treat mild to severe pain. You can take it in pills or injections. Read on to learn more about this drug.
Hydromorphone HCL uses and how it works
People use this drug to treat severe pain that other common medications cannot treat. People with chronic pain will use the extended-release pill. The drug can be part of a combination therapy which means you will take it with other drugs.
Just like other opioid analgesics it works by influencing specific opioid receptors in the spinal cord and brain that make up your CNS.
You should avoid taking Hydromorphone HCL if you have any stomach or breathing issues. The drug can cause breathing problems or stop breathing especially when taking the drug for the first time or when quitting. This can also happen to those adjusting the dosage.
Always avoid using Hydromorphone HCL in more amounts than prescribed or for longer periods than recommended.
When taking the extended-release pill, never crush, chew or break it. You need to swallow it whole to avoid overdosing. Note that, this drug can be addictive even when on a regular dosing schedule. Never share it with any other person.
Let your doctor know when you are pregnant. Hydromorphone HCL can cause severe withdrawal symptoms to the unborn child if you take it during pregnancy.
Avoid alcoholic beverages when taking this drug. Severe side effects occur when the two interact.
Side effects of Hydromorphone HCL
You might experience dizziness and drowsiness after using Hydromorphone HCL. You are likely to experience these effects after a few hours of taking this drug. Below are other common side effects:
- Warming and reddening of the skin also known as flushing
- Dry mouth
These effects will go away within a few days. However, if they persist, seek medical help immediately.
Severe side effects
You might experience severe side effects after taking Hydromorphone HCL. You need to seek medical help or call 911 if you feel the side effects are life threatening. Below are some of the severe side effects:
- Heart issues – symptoms are faster pulse, slow or fast heart rate
- Vision or eye changes – symptoms are problems seeing, double vision, and reduced pupils
- Stomach issues – symptoms are stomach pain, constipation, vomiting, nausea, problems passing stool
- Muscle and nervous system problems – symptoms are tremors, headache, abnormal eye movements and strange skin sensation
- Behavior or mood changes – symptoms are nervousness, agitation, depression, anxiety, problem sleeping, disorientation, hallucinations, and strange dreams
- Blood pressure changes – symptoms are low or high blood pressure and flushing
- Adrenal insufficiency – symptoms include muscle weakness, extreme tiredness and abdominal pain
- Androgen deficiency – symptoms ate insomnia, tiredness, and reduced energy.
- Severe drowsiness
- Problems breathing and breath shortness
Medications that Hydromorphone HCL can interact with
It can with other drugs, herbs or vitamins you might be taking. These interactions can alter how the drug work which can be harmful and can prevent the drug from working well. To prevent these interactions, let your doctor know of all the vitamins, drugs or herbs you are taking. Below are some drugs that can interact with Hydromorphone HCL:
- General anesthetics
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
- Anticholinergic drugs
- Promethazine, prochlorperazine, and chlorpromazine
Note that this is not a complete list of drugs that can interact with Hydromorphone HCL.
Where you can buy Hydromorphone HCL
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Frequently Asked Questions
- How do I take Hydromorphone HCL correctly?
You need to take the drug in a correct manner. The correct dosages will be determined by your age, how you react to the 1st dose, the condition you are treating, how severe the condition is and other medications you have.
- Can I overdose on Hydromorphone HCL?
You will overdose if you take more than the recommended dosage. Some signs of an overdose are extreme drowsiness, serious breathing problems, reduced blood pressure, consciousness loss, reduced heart rate and more. Seek medical help if you suspect you have overdosed on this drug.
- What should I do in case of a missed dose?
You need to take the dose as soon as you remember. However, skip the dose if it’s almost time for your next dose. Do not try to compensate to make up for the lost dose.
- Are there alternatives to Hydromorphone HCL?
Yes, there are many drugs that can treat your condition. Others might be better for you than others. You need to discuss with your doctor to find out the best options for you.
Hydromorphone HCL is a short-term drug that carries severe risks if not taken as prescribed. It is important to follow general instructions such as taking the medication with food to avoid stomach upsets, keeping the drug in a cool place, and such.